See Article History Tapestry, woven decorative fabric, the design of which is built up in the course of weaving. Broadly, the name has been used for almost any heavy material, handwoven, machine woven, or even embroidered, used to cover furniture , walls, or floors or for the decoration of clothing. Since the 18th and 19th centuries, however, the technical definition of tapestry has been narrowed to include only heavy, reversible, patterned or figured handwoven textiles, usually in the form of hangings or upholstery fabric. Tapestry traditionally has been a luxury art afforded only by the wealthy, and even in the 21st century large-scale handwoven tapestries are too expensive for those with moderate incomes. A tapestry set is a group of individual panels related by subject, style, and workmanship and intended to be hung together. The number of pieces in a set varies according to the dimensions of the walls to be covered. The designing of sets was especially common in Europe from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. The number of pieces in 20th-century sets is considerably smaller. Polynesia, designed by the modern French painter Henri Matisse , for example, has only two pieces, and Mont-Saint-Michel, woven from a cartoon by the contemporary engraver and sculptor Henri-Georges Adam , is a triptych three panels.
Discover where the high end interior designers from around the world shop for their floor coverings at wholesale prices. This unique historic woven art tells the Whole Story of good and bad, Ahura Mazda and Ahriman, the higher aspirations of human kind, the paradox of living and its expectations all knotted into this master work. Div, the Guardian of good against evil , protector of the holiness is being attacked by the mythical dragon and the dragon the most powerful creature of the ancient world is bitten by the mighty lion the king of the animals and the lion in return is being taken out by the most unsuspecting rabbit in a reversal of perceived power roles.
The Div acts as the predecessor to the ideological tree of life as his feet on dirt represent birth from the ground and raising up with all the experiences around, the love birds symbolize marriage and love, the branches and leaves and flowers are our life experiences and the fruits are our children.
At the height of the tree and contradictory to the definition of height it is presenting the end of our lives the top of the arch , but here, there is not an ending , but an opening to the more beautiful estate filled with different and colorful flowers representing beauty and wealth in the after life. This piece from Kourosh Collection is now on display at Santa Barbara design center.
The art of Persian carpet-making flourished during the Safavid Dynasty — to CE — when the Persian Empire comprised present-day Iran, Turkey and parts of Africa.
Apr 12, Posted by mbageless Ageless Rugs , Classic , Transitional Discovering exactly when an undated rug was made is difficult. However, rugs can typically dated to a given quarter of a century. Having a rug appraised by a certified rug appraiser is the best way to determine the age of a rug. Moreover, a certified rug appraisal is important when insuring a rug.
Dating a rug from its weave and design requires extensive specialist knowledge and can only be undertaken by an expert. The condition and appearance of a rug can be affected by a number of factors other than age. A relatively old rug that has been well looked after may be in far better condition than a newer item that has seen less considerate use, and some contemporary items are deliberately made to look old by the use of chemical washes.
Dates and signatures- Sometimes woven into the pile of the rug, usually in the border; these can usually be taken as a clear indication of when and by whom the rug was made.
The Iranians were among the pioneer carpet weavers of the ancient civilizations, having achieved a superlative degree of perfection through centuries of creativity and ingenuity. The skill of carpet weaving has been handed down by fathers to their sons, who built upon those skills and in turn handed them down to their offspring as a closely guarded family secret. To trace the history of Persian carpet is to follow a path of cultural growth of one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever seen.
From being simple articles of need, floor and entrance coverings to protect the nomadic tribesmen from the cold and damp, the increasing beauty of the carpets found them new owners – kings and noblemen, who looked upon them as signs of wealth, prestige and distinction.
Persian rugs are handmade floor coverings manufactured in Iran and surrounding areas and woven with mainly wool or silk and cotton. Persian rugs, in a nutshell, are famous for their traditional floral and curvilinear motifs which display intricate artistic designs and elaborate colors.
Four ply dyed “Germantown” yarn by The collectibility of rare and early Navajo Blankets has long attracted the wealthy and celebrated collector from William Randolph Hearst –who over a period of a decade or so before collected more than important 19th century Navajo blankets– to the leading actors, filmmakers, recording artists , politicians and business tycoons of today who seek similar items. Today, anyone who has an interest in decorating their home or office in historic weavings can find examples to fit every budget and every display purpose.
Chief’s Blankets Prior to the trading post era when the Navajo learned to make rugs for the American resale trade, the Navajo wove only blankets — both for themselves and for trade with the Spanish and with other Native American Indian tribal cultures. Blankets were woven in several sizes but three major forms: A chief’s blanket is a shoulder blanket woven on the loom wider than it is long — the ONLY Navajo weaving to be woven this way– even later Navajo yei rugs , made to be displayed hoizontally, were woven vertically on the loom — and the design often joining up to form an enclosed pattern when properly worn wrapped around the body as a shawl and usually held in place with the hands or with a pin of some form.
Serapes continued to be made throughout all of the 19th century as well. A Homespun Transitional Blanket, Serape form.
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The second edition was reprinted in and went out of print in September Please contact me by e-mail or telephone if you wish to buy a copy. This new book contains a much larger chapter on the Turkmen tribes and extensive up-dating throughout. I have removed the chapter dedicated to the rugs of Anatolia as this is a huge area which I cannot cover in a general book, and the chapter relating to new projects has also been removed.
Feb 25, · I picked these up from a local estate last summer. They original owner worked in the oil industry and traveled through the Middle East extensively throughout his career, most likely ‘s.
Take a closer look at the many inspirational images, past and present projects Cadrys has been involved with over the years. Cadrys has been the choice of leading design magazines and stylists for decades. Partnerships that are truly valued and evolve every year. These authoritative voices call on Cadrys as they appreciate the quality and craftsmanship produced in every piece.
Craftsmanship For artisans, time passes gradually. Our artisans sit in the open air, gazing into the nature while enjoying their tea. They are never pressured for time, because creativity and passion require room and freedom.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Uses of rugs and carpets Carpets developed in Central and western Asia as coverings for beaten-earth floors. From time immemorial, carpets covered the floors of house and tent as well as mosque and palace. In the homes of wealthy Eastern families, floor coverings serve an aesthetic as well as a practical function. There are usually four carpets. Design, naturally linked to religious imagery , is characterized by the mihrab, or prayer niche an imitation of the prayer niche in the wall of a mosque , the apex of which could be pointed toward Mecca.
Thus, a woven rug date of “” converts like this: Islamic solar date of + = Christian date of Arabic Numerals Used in Dating Rugs. Western-style numerals are in red; three versions of numbers in Arabic calligraphy are illustrated below them. Arabic numerals are read left-to-right, as in the West: thousands, hundreds, tens, ones.
Tabriz[ edit ] Different types of carpets were made here, including pile and flat-weave, with simple and complex composition. The carpet making art was passed on from generation to generation and was considered the most valued heirloom. The traditional topics for the Tabriz carpets are the ornamental patterns, with the following dominant background colors: The turanj in the center of the carpet is a symbol of the Moon, and the pattern formed by lozenges with the toothed leaves on the edges symbolizes the scales of the fish, which rise to the surface of the water at midnight to admire the Moon reflection.
The origin of this composition dates back to the 9th th centuries. Often the topics for the Tabriz carpets are drawn from the works of the great Oriental poets. The carpets often depict the scenes of falconry or images of a ferocious lion. Well known are also Tabriz carpet-pictures with images of fragments of palaces and mosques, scenes of battles.
Often, in creation of this or that ornamental pattern carpet weavers were inspired by the hand-painted covers of ancient books. However, with time the patterns of this composition became dotted and created an independent carpet pattern. Normally, the carpet was woven from memory, without a sketch. There is not surprising because since the beginning of the 16th century till the present day the craftsmen in Heris have traditionally been making only this type of carpet, and they know perfectly well its design and pattern.
Note that the residents of Heris are also renowned for production of flat-weave rugs — palases and kilims. The carpets of this type combine ancient elements of the decorative art, traditional symbolism dating back to the spiritual conceptions of the early farming age, and religious scenes.
Persian rugs, in a nutshell, are famous for their traditional floral and curvilinear motifs which display intricate artistic designs and elaborate colors. Persians are the pioneers of the carpet weaving industry and through several hundred years of practicing this art, have achieved a level of unparalleled finesse and excellence.
Furthermore, these rugs are seen as a symbol of prestige, wealth, and refinement. Additionally, Persian rugs are one of the major exports of the Iranian economy. For an Iranian, a house without a hand-woven Persian rug is only a cage of bricks. During his rule, the rug weaving industry was divided into tribes and villages where craftsmen weaved carpets for personal use.
Antique rugs: Older hand knotted Oriental rugs and Persian carpets. Antique rugs pre-date with an estimated age of one hundred years or older. Antique rugs pre-date with an estimated age of one hundred years or older.
Ariobarzanes II also in Armenia Khurramiyah movement The Khurramiyah were followers of a syncretic heresy melding Islam and Zoroastrianism. Their main tenant was that Abu Muslim governor of Khurasan , murdered by Caliph al-Mansur was not dead but had gone into hiding and would return either at the head of the Mahdi’s army or as the Mahdi himself, ushering in a messianic era.
The Khurramiyah movement sparked several revolts against Caliphal authority in Iranian Azerbaijan and Jibal, where Khurramite sects continued to exist until wiped out in the 16th century. Khurramite revolts also took place in Herat and Sistan but without the successes enjoyed in northwestern Iran. Hisham ibn Hakim al-Muqanna After Abu Muslim was murdered, al-Muqanna claimed to be an incarnation of God, and insisted that it had been passed unto him from Abu Muslim to whom it was passed on to from ‘Ali to whom it was passed on to from Muhammad.
Al-Muqanna was instrumental to the formation of the Khurramiyyah sect that claimed Abu Muslim to be the Mahdi or to return with the Mahdi, and denied his death. Al-Muqanna was reputed to wear a veil in order to cover up his beauty, however the Abbasids claimed that he wore a veil to hide his ugliness, being one-eyed, and bald. His followers wore white clothes, as were their custom contradicting the Abbasids wearing of black.
He is reputed to have engaged in legerdemain and quackery to impress his followers that he was the maker of miracles. Al-Muqanna’s followers started raiding towns and mosques of other Muslims, and looting their possesions. In response, the Abbasids sent several commanders to crush the rebellion. Al-Muqanna poisoned himself rather than be caught by the Abbasids, who set fire to his house when he was finally on the verge of being captured.
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Calendar The timeless appeal of the Persian rug From contemporary art to fashion and even music, the symbolism of the famous Persian rug pervades in many of aspects of modern life beyond interior decoration, says Joobin Bekhrad. By Joobin Bekhrad 6 December Poetry, wine, and song — such splendid things have, for millennia, constituted the very essence of the saffron-strewn Iranian soul and psyche.
While these, undoubtedly, are some of the things for which Iranian culture is known and celebrated, perhaps no element of it is as recognisable and striking — particularly abroad — as Persian rugs and textiles. Adored for their intricate designs, sumptuous colours, and inimitable craftsmanship —not to mention their investment value — Persian rugs have not only found their way into households and interiors the world over, but also onto catwalks and concert stages, as well as in scores of artworks.
Far from being a recent phenomenon, the fascination with these textiles is a history nearly as illustrious as the woven wonders themselves.
4 Basic Photos Needed to Determine Authentic Persian Rugs and Oriental Carpets. Take a look at our Authentication Process if you have arrived at this page without prior knowledge of our Rug Rag Verifications. Should you wish to have free information regarding a rug online, either request the seller be in contact with us, or take the link to our Rug Rag Forum.
Here the evidence for receptivity to Persian culture in Greece, the North Aegean, and West Anatolia is addressed, including receptivity on the part of the non-Greek peoples of these regions. Literary evidence generally presents a picture of hostility between the Persian and Greek worlds, with Macedonia, Thrace, and west Anatolia comprising much of the battle ground; the focus in the historical record on the military conflicts and diplomatic relations implies little cultural exchange.
However, archeological and iconographic evidence reveals increasing receptivity to Iranian material culture throughout Anatolia. Anatolia can be regarded as an interculturation zone through which much of Greek perception of Persians was filtered until the conquests of Alexander focused Greek atten-tion more on the Levant and Mesopotamia. The most striking instances of receptivity in the Greek world, as in the North Aegean and Anatolia, are responses to luxury toreutic; the Achaemenid deep and shallow bowls were particularly imitated in metal and ceramic throughout most of the lands in question.
Textiles and clothing played a role, as did the transmission of images via the minor arts jewelery and seals.
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Beautiful, cosy, comfortable cottage in a lovely quiet area. A great place to chill and destress. The welcome basket was a lovely touch – lovely comfy bed too! Monday, 8th of January, , Sandra:
Dating a rug from its weave and design requires extensive specialist knowledge and can only be undertaken by an expert. The condition and appearance of .
Dear Friends, For millennia, patrons of fine art ranging from powerful emperors to current day business leaders have acquired Persian carpets for their enormous aesthetic appeal. These fine pieces are undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian art dating back to B. Even today, the creative process remains unique and extremely time-intensive.
For example, the Persian carpet commissioned in for the Grand Mosque in the Sultanate of Oman required 12 million man hours from artists over four years. There are many aesthetic qualities that speak to the opulence and luxury of Persian carpets and we hope that you will learn about these on our website. However when you acquire a Persian carpet, whether for your home or your private collection, it is important to remember that you are making an investment.
Persian carpets last a long time — indeed most are passed from grandfather to father to son and so on. Fortunately however, they have equal appeal in a classically-decorated space as they do in a minimalist contemporary setting. Second, it is art that offers both form and function. A fine rug may be the centrepiece of a grand room for entertaining or it may adorn the family room where it is experienced closely from a floor cushion.
Last, as with any good investment, Persian carpets tend to hold their value with time. The market does not experience bouts of stylistic fads as most art does — the classical appeal of Persian carpets, the methods and the workshops remain largely unchanged for millennia.
The beginning of carpet weaving remains unknown, as carpets are subject to use, deterioration, and destruction by insects and rodents. There is little archaeological evidence to support any theory about the origin of the pile-woven carpet. The earliest surviving carpet fragments are spread over a wide geographic area, and a long time span.
There is also the situation of a rug weaver copying a date from an older rug, or in more modern times, intentionally “pre-dating” a rug in order to create an instant antique oriental rug. Much more commonly dates are altered by Oriental rug dealers in order to add age and perceived value.
Central Asia’s Lost Civilization The unveiling of a 4, year-old civilization calls into question conventional ideas about ancient culture, trade, and religion. This barren place, a site called Gonur, was once the heart of a vast archipelago of settlements that stretched across 1, square miles of Central Asian plains. Although unknown to most Western scholars, this ancient civilization dates back 4, years—to the time when the first great societies along the Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow rivers were flourishing.
Thousands of people lived in towns like Gonur with carefully designed streets, drains, temples, and homes. To water their orchards and fields, they dug lengthy canals to channel glacier-fed rivers that were impervious to drought. They traded with distant cities for ivory, gold, and silver, creating what may have been the first commercial link between the East and the West. They buried their dead in elaborate graves filled with fine jewelry, wheeled carts, and animal sacrifices.
Then, within a few centuries, they vanished. News of this lost civilization began leaking out in the s, when archaeologists came to dig in the southern reaches of the Soviet Union and in Afghanistan.